Green Initiative

Report on Carbon Emissions in Line with the GHG Protocol Standard and Management and Science University's Commitment Towards Net Zero

1. Introduction

This report aims to analyse the carbon emissions of Management and Science University (MSU) in accordance with the GHG Protocol standard. The report will assess MSU's commitment towards achieving net-zero emissions by providing an overview of the baseline year (2019) and comparing it with the current year's (2022) emissions data. The report will also highlight the efforts undertaken by MSU to reduce its carbon footprint.

2. Methodology

The GHG Protocol, developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), provides a widely accepted standard for measuring and reporting greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The protocol distinguishes emissions into three categories or scopes:
    Scope 1: Direct emissions from owned or controlled sources
    Scope 2: Indirect emissions from the generation of purchased electricity, heat, or steam
    Scope 3: Indirect emissions from activities outside the organisation's control, such as procurement, transportation, and waste disposal
For the purpose of this report, we will focus on Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions as they directly relate to MSU's operations.

3. Baseline Year (2019) Emissions

In 2019, MSU's baseline year for carbon emissions, the following data was recorded:
    Scope 1: 16.258 tCO2e
    Scope 2: 16186.90 tCO2e
These figures represent the total carbon emissions produced by MSU from its direct activities (Scope 1) and indirect emissions from purchased electricity, heat, or steam (Scope 2). Scope 1 carbon emissions are the carbon footprints MSU produces directly. Meanwhile, Scope 2 carbon emissions are carbon footprints that MSU doesn't directly produce. Other factors, such as the surrounding environment, that are not under the control of the institution will fall under this category.

4. Current Year (2022) Emissions

In 2022, MSU recorded the following carbon emissions:
    Scope 1: 8.097 tCO2e
    Scope 2: 15411.32 tCO2e
Comparing the current year's emissions with the baseline year, we can observe a reduction in both Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions. This reduction indicates MSU's efforts to mitigate its environmental impact and move towards a net-zero emissions goal.

5. MSU's Commitment Towards Net Zero Emissions

MSU takes its commitment to net zero very seriously. We would like to achieve net zero emissions by year 2035 in align with Majlis Bandaraya Shah Alam (MBSA) - City Council target. It has demonstrated its commitment to achieving that through various initiatives and strategies, including:
  • Energy Efficiency Measures: MSU has implemented energy-efficient technologies and practises across its campus, including LED lighting, energy management systems, and efficient heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems. These measures aim to reduce energy consumption and subsequent Scope 1 emissions.
  • Renewable Energy Adoption: MSU has invested in renewable energy sources such as solar panels and renewable energy purchased from Tenaga Nasional Berhad (TNB). By utilising renewable energy, MSU reduces its dependence on fossil fuel-based electricity, thereby decreasing Scope 2 emissions.
  • Waste Management: MSU has implemented comprehensive waste management practises, including recycling and composting programmes. By diverting waste from landfills, MSU reduces methane emissions, a potent greenhouse gas.
  • Education and Awareness: MSU integrates sustainability and climate change education into its curriculum, ensuring students are equipped with knowledge and skills to address environmental challenges. By raising awareness, MSU fosters a culture of sustainability and encourages sustainable behaviours.
One of the guidelines MSU follows to keep its carbon footprint accountable is adhering to the authorised roadmap to net zero, which has five easy yet effective steps. They are:
  1. Carbon assessment
  2. Benchmarking
  3. Target-setting
  4. Emissions reduction strategy and advisory
  5. Offsetting
These steps help the institution to keep, assess, and analyse its carbon footprint. Through this guideline, MSU has notably reduced its carbon emissions. This could be seen through the University’s responsible action towards the use of renewable energy. More than 75% of all energy used at MSU is renewable. Every step taken towards making the world greener is a step that’s worth acknowledging.

6. Conclusion

Management and Science University has made significant strides in reducing its carbon emissions in line with the GHG Protocol standard. The reduction in Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions from the baseline year to the current year demonstrates MSU's commitment to achieving net-zero emissions. Through the implementation of energy efficiency measures, the adoption of renewable energy, the promotion of sustainable transportation, and waste management practises, MSU exemplifies a proactive approach to mitigating climate change. Moving forward, continued efforts and innovative solutions will be crucial for MSU to achieve its net-zero emissions goal and contribute to a sustainable future.